It is called aristocracy or government of the best. Plato. Aristocracy is the best and it keeps deteriorating from timocracy to oligarchy to democracy and then to the worst, tyranny. Oligarchy just naturally evolves from timocracy because a nation indulged in war will accumulate a lot of wealth and it will lose its respect for excellence. One of the most influential methods of classifying governments can be found in Book IX of Plato’s "Republic." This ideal is most identifiable as a philosophic meritocratic aristocracy or monarchy. ), the best possible kind of state is a "kallipolis," a type of government ruled by philosophers. In this instance, the people will long for freedom and liberty. The question is, what amounts to a conscientious choice? This make me question repeatedly if nations which have succeeded in getting independence and claim to be independent or democratic are really practicing democracy after all. In a rule like this one there is no compulsion for anything. Plato’s theory of communism is just opposite to Marxian theory of communism that seeks to eventually establish a classless and hence stateless society, as according to it … These intellectuals wold be trained in the art of governing. Reblogged this on Axis Media Haus and commented: Plato Government , Political , Politics To deal with the problem of justice, Plato considers the ideal polis, a collective unit of self-government, and the relationship between the structure of the Republic and the attainment of justice. Question: What type of government did Plato believe in? Oligarchy is a government of few and the rich are the few that rule the majority of the poor. A second form of government he called timocracy, or rule by a privileged elite of guardians, or strong men. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Plato’s Forms of Political Governance and the Best Form, http://www.bookrags.com/notes/rep/PART8.html. In it, (if I remember correctly), Plato claims the second best form of government (to the rule by the philosopher king) is the rule of just law. So for example, we will discus Plato’s Five Regimes, but also point to the CIA World Fact Book on Government types. Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who lived during the fourth century B.C. Socrates lived in a participatory democracy and fought to defend it in battle against its enemies. To Aristotle, observing was being. The tyrannical man would represent Tyranny, for example. This is not the case in Plato's "Republic". The poor majority will soon come together to form an even worse form of government, democracy. His deep influence on Western philosophy is asserted in the famous remark of Alfred North Whitehead: “the safest characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato.” In the Republic and Laws, Plato lays out ideal states, not necessarily ones that can be implemented in reality, but ones that could be used as guiding forms. Politeia; Latin: De Republica) is a Socratic dialogue, authored by Plato around 375 BC, concerning justice (δικαιοσύνη), the order and character of the just city-state, and the just man. Plato’s Life and Works – Plato “was born into an influential family … of Athens.” Athens was at the center of the Greek miracle, the use of reason to understand the world. The cycle of decline from the best regime to the worst is an important aspect of Plato’s Republic, and not merely for the mundane purposes of history and political science.  Translated by Benjamin Jowett, The Republic, Third Edition, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1936), p. 206. The gold class is composed of the very small minority of young adults who passed a behavioral exam evaluating them as philosophers. However, he warns against two excesses of democracy in particular: – Democracy means popular seizure of power by the poor and the oppression of the rich. Ramble. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. What type of government has a king or queen that holds all the power? Plato, was a famous ancient philosopher who lived in Athens, Greece from 427 BC to 347 BC.He lends his name to the word “platonic,” however, Plato was probably not his real name, but was merely a nickname. What is the difference between Jail and Detention Center? Excellence and education … And if we are to think in this manner, then perhaps democracy is simply the least damaging form of government we have been able to create over the course of human existence.  Translated by Allan Bloom, The Republic of Plato, Second Edition, (United States: 1991), p. 223. He was especially influenced by Socrates , but after Athens lost the twenty-seven year Peloponnesian War with Sparta, Socrates came under suspicion and was eventually condemned to death. It was the political philosopher Thomas Paine who describe government as, “at best, a necessary evil”. Plato's school was The Academy, at which Aristotle studied. Aristotle says, in his Politics, that the preferred system of government is of a constitutional form. Plato. A constitution is a numeration or limitation of the powers granted to said government. This is how the fifth, most repulsive stage of governance, tyranny, comes to being..  Plato, also, explains how timocracy comes to being in the first place. Accused and convicted of corrupting the youth, […] ( Log Out / See our page on the attributes that create the government types in-action.Below we discuss the classical forms of government and key philosophers who fi… He believes, as he talks to Glaucon about it, that the best King is one who is the best of philosophers and the best at war. Focus. He also believes that “political science” is the most important form of education. Plato: The Laws The Laws is Plato’s last, longest, and, perhaps, most loathed work. If you want to know more about the allegory of the cave and the world of forms, I recommend this short book of around 40 pages that tells the story as close as Plato did and explains it at the same time in a … Plato posits that democracy comes about as a result of discontent with oligarchy and will lead to tyranny once thirst for complete freedom devolves into … What are your thoughts? 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