Hybrid technology in the automobile industry uses a combination of energies to drive the vehicle. As the name suggests, hybrid automobiles utilize two kinds of technology to generate the kinetic energy needed for driving the automobile. They can be gas-electric, nuclear-electric, diesel-electric. We are going to discuss mostly about the gas-electric hybrid automobiles based upon the combination of energy usage and technology, they are further divided into full hybrids, mild hybrids, series hybrids, parallel hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and assist hybrids hydraulic hybrids. Today’s hybrid cars are advanced and efficiently designed up to the level in which the car can run on the engine or the batteries or both.
Current Hybrid car/automobiles utilize the below mentioned two energy sources.
1) A gasoline engine powered by gasoline in a fuel tank.
2) An electric motor powered by batteries.
Examples could be Mopeds, Cars, SUV’s, trucks, submarines, etc.
The operation mechanism is different with various manufacturers such as Toyota, Honda, and Ford. Toyota PRIUS uses a gas engine and an electric motor to generate the energy and a set of batteries to store the generated vigor. Regenerative braking is also a significant methodology used in hybrid cars where energy is restored while braking and is stored in the batteries.
Hybrid Cars also have an Automatic Start and Shut Off where the engine automatically shuts off as the Hybrid Car stops and restarts when the accelerator is pressed. This prevents wasted energy during the stop lights, and unavoidable traffic halts. Also at low speeds the hybrid cars use complete electric energy. In this way the hybrid cars can be driven with completely no fuel usage at lower speeds.
Some of the hybrid cars are computer controlled, the onboard computer commands when to let the gas engine do the work and how much energy to give the electric motor. All these features results in a fuel efficient hybrid car.